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What is IFSC Code and why it is necessary for doing online transactions

Reserve Bank of India assigns every bank branch a unique eleven digit number called the Indian Financial System Code or the IFSC. The unique number is a combination of both alphanumeric code, specially designated to a particular bank branch. The IFSC code
is a potent requirement when it comes to making online financial transactions namely Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS), Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) and the National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT). Without the IFSC code, one cannot make a financial transaction since the IFSC code determines the bank branch where the transaction is supposed to be made.

Format of the IFSC code
  • The IFSC is a combination of alphanumeric code, wherein the first 4 characters represent the bank code.
  • The fifth character is always 0.
  • The rest of the last 6 characters, a combination of alphabets and numbers represents the bank branch.

How one can find their IFSC code?
  • Every bank holder can find their bank branch’s IFSC code either on the leaf of their bank passbook or their chequebook.
  • One can also obtain the IFSC code of a particular bank branch by visiting the Reserve Bank of India’s website.
  • Additionally, one can also acquire their bank branch’s IFSC code by checking the official website of the said bank.

What is the importance of IFSC code?
  • First and foremost, the IFSC code helps one identifying a particular bank branch.
  • Since the IFSC code is a unique combination, it helps in eliminating any scope of errors when it comes to fund transfers.
  • When it comes to making online payments through the modes of RTGS, IMPS, and NEFT, the IFSC code helps in directing the funds to the desired beneficiary.
  • With IFSC codes, the process of transfer of funds has picked up its pace and has become faster as well as convenient.
  • Since transactions with IFSC code based transactions are paperless, one resorts to eco-friendly measures of financial transactions.
What happens to your IFSC code when bank merges? 

The IFSC code of the account holder changes if the bank undergoes the process of a merger. Post this, the account holder will be issued a new IFSC code, the same represented on bank documents like the bank passbook as well as the chequebook. This is done to ensure that financial transactions made online reaches the targeted beneficiary’s account.


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